Pediatric Bronchitis Explained

Bronchitis is a respiratory disease that is found in the lower track and is caused by inflammation of airway tubes. The disease is not only common to adults but Pediatric bronchitis may occur to young kids. It can be divided into two types; acute and chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is primarily caused by viruses while chronic bronchitis is caused by bacteria. However; to differentiate the two categories is tricky even to medical practitioners. Some of the different symptoms of each of the bronchitis will be discussed in this article. Watch for the signs in your child since he/she may be suffering from this dangerous disease.

What really causes Pediatric bronchitis? The main cause of this bronchitis is cold, influenza or sore throat. Exposure to dust and polluted air particles may inflate the disease. The lung contains cells which are columnar, tall and are covered with cilia which aid in protecting the lungs. The cilia carry out dust and other foreign materials from the air sacs. However; when the cilia is damaged by external irritants like smoke it will inhibit their movement allowing more dust to go into the air sacs. This makes the glad’s to release more mucous which cannot be thrown out but accumulate in the tubes. This causes persistent cough as the body tries to get rid of the accumulated mucous.

A number of tests can be used to diagnose Pediatric bronchitis. This includes pulse oxymetry, X-Rays, sputum, arterial blood and pulmonary lung functions. This disease may grow into serious respiratory infections if they are untreated in time. Pulmonary hypertension, heart failure and pneumonia are just part of the worse conditions that may arise. No one will ever wish to get into that critical stage of bronchitis. The earlier the treatment of bronchitis the better

However; you may not treat a disease if you are not aware of its symptoms. Pediatric bronchitis starts as a dry cough. This may lust for few days in the case of acute bronchitis but in chronic bronchitis, it may continue for weeks or months. Fatigue and muscle stiffness is common. Muscle pain develops in the back and patients experience chest congestion. This will lead to shortness of breath and respiratory infections. In more severe cases, a patient may swell in the legs and ankles. This is because there is inadequate oxygen in the blood causing skin color to turn color. This is a sign of congestive heart failure which can be vital.

When the doctors prove there is no Pediatric bronchitis in a child, then they treat the child for common cold. This can be simply done by drinking a lot of fluids and having enough bed rest. For a dry cough, cough suppressant will be used. It is not recommended to use Aspirin in young kids. This is due to their Reye’s syndrome. Motrin and Tylenol ought to be administered. Humidifiers come handy in relieving colds in children. To reduce the flow of mucous, doctors may recommend using expectorants which will thin the mucous making it easy to get rid.

When Pediatric bronchitis is proved to exist, antibiotics can be administered. However children under the age of eight years will be given Amoxicillin. This is on the first stages of bronchitis but when it turns to be chronic, children should be treated according to the symptoms. There are drugs that can be used to reduce stress of the bronchial tubes. Good diet and pollution free environment is idea. The patient should exercise to relax the muscles. Make sure your child increases their immune system by taking in a balanced diet, plenty of fluids and foods rich in vitamin C.

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